An Affiliate of the West Virginia Adult Basic Education Program
 

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Four Components of Family Literacy Programs

West Virginia Adult Basic Education Program

 

 

 

Four Components of Family Literacy Programs

  1. Adult Education
  2. Children's Education
  3. Parent and Child Together (PACT) Time
  4. Parent Time

History
Adult StudentsThe Parent and Child Education (PACE) program was first funded by the Kentucky Legislature in 1986. It was put in place in six rural counties, expanded the following legislative session to 18 counties, and finally to 36. Some of the programs decided to combine, but there still are approximately 30 PACE programs throughout Kentucky.

The Kenan Family Literacy Project sprang from the wellspring of experience and expertise gathered from the PACE program. The first Kenan Model family literacy sites were established in 1988 in Louisville, Kentucky (three inner-city sites) and in four North Carolina cities (Marshall, Henderson, Fayetteville and Wilmington.) From PACE it was learned that staff members needed a great deal of training and staff development; therefore, the Kenan Model teacher received ongoing staff development

Kenan Model Components

  • ABE/GED/ESL for Adults
  • Early Childhood Education for 3 to 5 year olds
  • Parent and Child Together (PACT) Time
  • Parent Time
  • Parents as Volunteers
  • Career Education

The Kenan Family Literacy Project paved the way for establishment of the National center for Family Literacy (NCFL). NCFL, a private, nonprofit organization, was founded in 1989 through a grant from the William R. Kenan, Jr. Charitable Trust. Headquarters in Louisville, Kentucky, NCFL works to ensure that all families at the lowest ends of both the literacy and economic continua will have opportunities to improve their education and economic and social well-being through quality family literacy programs.

NCFL serves as an advocate at the national and state levels in support of family literacy development. Through the country, NCFL delivers research-based training and technical assistance to educators and administrators and developers new family literacy practices that address the needs of families in a changing social and economic landscape. In an ongoing effort to create and support systems that help sustain family literacy programs, NCFL conducts research to expand the knowledge base of family literacy.

Based on the Kenan family Literacy Project, and through demonstration family literacy programs funded by Toyota Motor Corporation, the Bureau of Indian Affairs, the John S. and James L. Knight Foundation, the United Parcel Service Foundation and others, NCFL has defined the essential elements of effective family literacy programs:

  1. Adult Education
  2. Children's Education
  3. Parent and Child Together (PACT) Time
  4. Parent Time

The resulting national family Literacy Model integrates these four components with the focus on self-sufficiency and school-to-work. Using this model, NCFL has influenced the collaborative effort to establish and continue the national Even Start Family Literacy Program, authorized in 1988 under Title I of the Improving America's Schools Act. NCFL has also supported the re-authorization of Head Start and the inclusion of language that strengthened family literacy within the Head Start program.

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