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Formative Assessment

Formative Assessment is a process used by teachers and students during instruction that provides feedback to adjust ongoing teaching and learning to improve students' achievement of intended instructional outcomes.  (CCSSO, 2008)  By using evidence from formative assessment processes, teachers can quickly make decisions to adjust instruction to meet student needs while the learning is still in progress.  Students benefit from this because they can use the results to make decisions to adjust and improve their own learning. During the formative assessment process, feedback from the teacher should be descriptive, telling the student what was done well and what steps to take to do better.  Research shows descriptive feedback to be the most significant instructional strategy to move students forward in their learning. 


Examples of Formative Assessment


Formative Assessment Links:

Black and Wiliam:  Inside the Black Box: Raising Standards through Classroom Assessment


Formative Assessment and Next-Generation Assessment Systems:  Are We Losing an Opportunity? - Heritage

Formative Assessment:  An Enabler of Learning - Heritage

W. James Popham on Formative and Summative Assessment (YouTube)

Formative Assessment - A Process, Not a Test - Popham

Formative and Summative Assessments in the Classroom


The Concept of Formative Assessment


The Difference Between Formative & Summative Assessments


Linking Classroom Assessment with Student Learning



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