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Summarization Techniques

Summarization is the restating of the main ideas of the text in as few words as possible.  It can be done in writing, orally, through drama, through art and music, in groups and individually.  There is extensive research that shows that summarization is among the top nine most effective teaching strategies in the history of education (Marzano, Pickering, and Pollock, 2001).  Teachers who start a lesson by summarizing the big points in the day's lesson and end by having students summarize their learning see gains in the retention of the material.  Several summarization techniques have been provided.


Inside-Outside Circle


One-Word Summaries


Summary Ball



Summary Star

Graphic Organizers for Summarization


Websites on Summarization:

Book Video Awards:  Summary based on Jerry Spinelli's Love, Stargirl

Video of Group Summary in Social Studies

Summarization Lesson Plan

Reading  Making Sense of Social Studies

TeacherVision Article on Summarizing



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