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Verbal and Visual Word Association (VVWA)

The Verbal and Visual Word Association graphic organizer (Eeds & Cockrum, 1985) helps students gain new vocabulary through visual and personal associations with the word.  Research shows that this graphic organizer is especially effective with low-achieving and second language learners in content area classes. It is especially useful in mathematics classes to help students understand the key words and concepts.  This graphic organizer can be used as a classroom assessment for learning because a teacher can quickly determine students' depth of understanding by just looking at their chart.

Blank VVWA Chart

VVWA Science Example

Student Example from Social Studies


Websites on Verbal and Visual Word Association:

Math Example of VVWA

Getting Ready to Read: Extending Vocabulary - Verbal and Visual Word Associations - PDF



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