Identifying Text Structure

Being able to identify the structure of a text can greatly increase students' comprehension of the material being read.  There are six basic structures that are commonly found in textbooks.  Once the teacher has modeled the text structure, students can follow the organizing pattern to identify important events, concepts and ideas.  Students should also be taught the signal words that alert them to text structure.  “Students who are taught to identify the structure of expository and narrative text have been found to have better comprehension than students who have not received such instruction.” (Taylor, 1992)

Common Text Structures


Websites on Identifying Text Structure:


Literacy Matters: Text Structure
http://www.literacymatters.org/content/text/intro.htm#geninfo

Text Structure Resources
http://www.literacyleader.com/?q=textstructure

Text Structure
http://forpd.ucf.edu/strategies/strattextstructure.html

Structural Clues in Nonfiction - PDF
http://www.eastsideliteracy.org/tutorsupport/documents/HO_StructuralClues.pdf

Content Area Literacy:  Understanding Text Structure
http://score.rims.k12.ca.us/score_lessons/content_area_literacy/pages/understanding_text_struct.html


  
Activating Prior Knowledge
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Comprehension Strategies
Summarization Techniques
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