The National Reading Panel reports that students benefit from learning to read quickly, accurately, and with proper expression. Regular, explicit instruction in guided oral reading gives struggling readers a clear learning benefit in terms of word recognition, oral fluency, and reading comprehension. Teachers should focus on phrasing, smoothness, expression, volume, pace and accuracy during fluency instruction. Fluency does not ensure that students will have comprehension, but comprehension is difficult without fluency. It forms the bridge between decoding and comprehension.
Websites on Developing Fluency:
Improving Fluency in Young Readers
Put Reading First: Fluency
Reading Rockets: Fluency
Time for Learning: Fluency
The Reading Genie: Developing Reading Fluency
Common Questions About Fluency