Instructional Practices Inventory (IPI)

What is IPI?

In the pursuit of school improvement, student learning must be examined. Part of that examination includes understanding how engaged students are in the learning. The graduate assistants, assistant director, and director of the Middle Level Leadership Center located at the University of Missouri developed an outcome measure that represents observational data about student engagement. 

Graduate Assistant Bryan Painter conducted an extensive, yet unproductive, search for an observational tool or process that would codify and document student engagement data.  They concluded that a process that would accomplish their desired goal did not exist. So Bryan Painter and the Center director began the design of the Instructional Practices Inventory (IPI).  During the early stages of use, they realized that the IPI met the need for an outcome measure and served as a valuable process for collaborative problem-solving.  Serendipitously, it was a tool that created profiles for measuring instructional change and a process for using the profiles to promote professional community and organizational learning. 

The creation of a set of observational categories complex enough to provide substantive data grounded in the knowledge of best practice (valid) yet easily understood and interpreted was a design goal.  In addition to the importance of developing the right set of categories, a process for collecting the data had to be designed so to produce reliable data from observation to observation and observer to observer.  Eventually a coder-training process was developed to ensure that the data collectors would produce valid and reliable data. 

The IPI process engages teachers in the analysis and redesign of instruction and is vital for change.  The IPI process, when used properly, provides valid, reliable data for profiling student engaged learning and serves as the basis for the collaborative problem-solving faculty conversations necessary in a professional learning community.

IPI Documents
IPI Links
IPI Training Videos - featuring Dr. Valentine

IPI Level I Overview


Contact your RESA or Glennia Heinlein, Office of School Improvement at 304-558-3199 for additional assistance.