West Virginia defines school readiness as a stage of transition that encompasses the child's various learning experiences and general knowledge, physical well-being, social and emotional development, and familiarity and ease with expressing themselves and understanding language. Children develop holistically and at individual rates which are largely impacted by previous experiences beginning at birth. As a result, children enter school with varied levels of skill and learning experiences. These variances are further impacted by the resources children have access to prior to entering school including home, family and community supports.
Each child's degree of readiness differs and is highly individualized. School readiness also entails the capacity of schools to be prepared to serve all children effectively regardless of a child's individual developmental level in each of the five key developmental domains, resulting in a holistic view and approach to school readiness. The key developmental domains include health and physical development, social and emotional development, language and communication, cognition and general knowledge, and a child's individual approaches to learning.