The Reading/Language Arts item writers read passages which were lexiled to determine specific grade levels. As the passages were approved for high-interest, 21st century context, and age appropriate content, the writers crafted items to match the individual passages. Passages were placed by theme which allowed items to be written to a higher DOK level for an upward cognitive spiral. Approximately 3,000 items were written and reviewed for final form selection of WESTEST 2. The Reading/Language Arts portion of WESTEST 2 includes 45 items per grade level. Each test is comprised of two sets of themed passages with questions unique to each passage and an additional set of questions that draw upon the theme. Items were written using the specific Reading/Language Arts item writing Checklist.