for Homeless Children
year, over 800,000 children and youth in the United States experience
homelessness. Title VII-B of the McKinney-Vento Homeless Assistance
Act is intended to ensure that homelessness does not cause these children
to be left behind in school.
West Virginia Department of Education is committed to ensuring that
all West Virginia children and youth experiencing homelessness have
the opportunity to attend, enroll in, and succeed in school.
is the primary piece of federal legislation dealing with the education
of children and youth experiencing homelessness in U.S. public schools.
It was reauthorized as Title X, Part C, of the No Child Left Behind
Act in January 2002. As a part of the McKinney-Vento Act formula grants
are made to the 50 States, the District of Columbia, and Puerto Rico
based on each State's share of Title I funds. The West Virginia Department
of Education currently is funding twenty
grants. The grants are funded on a three year cycle.
The next request for proposal will be in April 2006. Among other
things, the program supports an Office for Coordination of Education
of Homeless Children and Youths in each State, which gathers comprehensive
information about homeless children and youths and the impediments to
their regular attendance at school. These grants also help State educational
agencies ensure that homeless children, including preschoolers and youths,
have equal access to free and appropriate public education. States must
review and revise laws and practices that impede such equal access.
States are required to have an approved plan for addressing problems
associated with the enrollment, attendance, and success of homeless
children in school. States must also make competitive subgrants to local
educational agencies to facilitate the enrollment, attendance, and success
in school of homeless children and youths. This includes addressing
problems due to transportation needs, immunization and residency requirements,
lack of birth certificates and school records, and guardianship issues.