Integrating Primary Sources into the Social Studies Classroom
There is a tremendous wealth of web-based resources that support active learning and primary research in the middle and high school social studies classroom. Participants in this workshop will explore the range of available resources including newly accessible collections of original documents, vast reservoirs of secondary historical information, and online resources designed to support social studies teachers in curriculum development. Participants will consider effective research strategies and engage in critical analysis of web resources. Participants will complete the workshop having developed a collection of project ideas to serve their particular curricular goals.
During this workshop, participants will learn skills and strategies to:
Learn about primary resources available on the Web to support social studies curricula
Find and evaluate primary and secondary web-based resources
Learn how to utilize web-based resources that enhance critical thinking and collaboration.
Develop a personal collection of web-based resources for curricular use
Develop preliminary plans, using primary and secondary resources available on the Web, to enhance a curriculum unit.
Alignment to Standards
This workshop meets the standards for Content, Instructional Design, and Technology as defined in the National Standards of Quality for Online Courses, published by the International Association for K-12 Online Learning(iNACOL).
This workshop provides teachers with an opportunity to meet the Engage in Professional Growth and Leadership standard as defined in the National Educational Technology Standards and Performance Indicators for Teachers, published by the International Society for Technology in Education(ISTE) and the standards for professional development defined by NSDC.
This workshop is intended for social studies teachers in grades K-12, technology specialists, curriculum specialists, and professional development specialists. Participants are expected to have regular access to computers and be proficient with email and web-browsing. Participants are highly encouraged to use Firefox, Safari, or Internet Explorer.
Session One: Teachers and Students Become Historians
This session will introduce web-based historical primary source material. Participants will learn how primary sources can be valuable in teaching and learning history. Then they will start thinking about the potential for primary sources to enhance student learning of history, particularly in incorporating web-based material into curricular plans.
Session Two: Finding and Evaluating Primary Sources on the Web
In this session participants will utilize a number of resources to search for historical primary source websites and the actual primary source documents. Additionally, they will learn key characteristics to consider when evaluating primary source documents and their host websites.
Session Three: Exploring Primary Sources in Oral History
In the next two sessions participants begin a deeper exploration of historical primary documents. They will start with oral history and explore a number of resources available online to enhance the learning of history. In the discussion, participants will discuss ways their students can participate in the preservation of oral history.
Session Four: Exploring Primary Sources in Letters, Diaries, and Images
In this session participants will continue their exploration of historical primary documents. As was seen from the last three sessions, the number of primary sources available online and the breadth with which they can be viewed is extensive. The resources in this session will introduce participants to a rich collection of these documents that could be used to enrich their curriculum. In the discussion, they will explore ideas about how personal correspondence and writings such as those explored here can engage their students.
Session Five: Web-Based Inquiry: Introducing WebQuests
This week's readings, by Tom March, introduce WebQuests, activities that use an online collaborative format for student learning. In the activities, participants will explore WebQuests created for Social Studies classrooms to learn about and evaluate the WebQuest model. In the discussion, they will evaluate the role Web Quests can play in their classroom.
Session Six: Curricular Planning for Social Studies
The readings for this week give participants a peak into actual classrooms that are integrating primary sources. The week’s activities will introduce participants to several curriculum planning tools available online. They will also review teaching strategies for incorporating primary sources. Lastly, participants will complete their final project and share it in the discussion area.
Specific questions about assessment, expectations, or requirements should be directed to the facilitator of this workshop.
WVDE requires that the following criteria be used to determine successful completion of this workshop:
Participation in all session discussion forums;
Completion of the workshop’s final project, submitted to the facilitator and/or posted in the appropriate discussion forum; and
Completion of the orientation and final workshop surveys.
Participants are required to post a minimum of three substantial postings, including one that begins a new thread and at least two that respond to an existing thread, in all session discussion forums.
Participants are expected to complete the workshop readings and activities as posted in each of the session assignment pages. Activities may include exploring websites related to workshop content, watching online video clips, using specific technology applications, solving problems, and working on the final project.
As a final project, participants will create a collection of annotated Primary Source online resources and an initial plan for incorporating these resources into a classroom lesson.
Participants are expected to work independently on the final project throughout the workshop. They will share their annotated lists during the course as a strategy for collaborating with colleagues to locate the best resources. Each participant is expected to submit a completed final project to the facilitator before the end of the final session of this workshop. A set of Final Project Guidelines is available as a resource for facilitators and participants.
Participants are expected to complete an orientation survey before the end of Session One of the workshop, and a Final Survey during the final workshop session.